УИНДЕМ ЛЬЮИС: НАСЛЕДИЕ, КРИТИКА, ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ

Дмитрий Сергеевич Туляков (Dmitriy S. Tulyakov)

Аннотация


Представлен обзор творчества малоизвестного в России английского писателя, художника и критика Уиндема Льюиса; проанализированы причины, в силу которых оно долгое время игнорировалось, а затем, напротив, стало привлекать усиленное внимание исследователей; освещены основные тенденции в наиболее значимых работах о Льюисе в отечественной и зарубежной научной литературе; предложены наиболее актуальные направления для дальнейших исследований. Маргинальное положение Льюиса в истории литературы, которое объясняется его стратегией «Врага» (the Enemy) всех доминирующих течений популярного и элитарного искусства и рядом компрометирующих политических заявлений, было пересмотрено в последние десятилетия в связи с расширением сферы исследований модернизма и созвучием наследия Льюиса интересам «Новых исследований модернизма». В посвященной Льюису критике внимание к позитивному содержанию, скрывающемуся за агрессивной позой писателя и его авторитарными взглядами, сменилось обновленным интересом к формальным особенностям его стиля и «постгуманистическими» интерпретациями. Наиболее перспективными представляются интермедиальный и нарратологический подходы к литературному творчеству Льюиса, а также продолжение работы по изучению его наследия в контексте европейского модернизма.


Ключевые слова


Уиндем Льюис; английская литература; модернизм; новые исследования модернизма; литературная критика; интермедиальность; нарратология.

Полный текст:

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Литература


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Burstein J. Cold Modernism: Literature, Fashion, Art. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012. 321 p.

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Kush T. Wyndham Lewis’s Pictorial Integer. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981. 172 p.

Lewis W. Rude Assignment: An Intellectual Autobiography / ed. by T. Foshay. Santa Barbara: Black Sparrow Press, 1984. 311 p.

Lewis W. Blasting and Bombardiering. L.: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1937.

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Meyers J. The Enemy: A Biography of Wyndham Lewis. L.: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980. 391 p.

Munton A. The Politics of Wyndham Lewis // PN Review. 1976. Vol. 4, № 1. P. 34–39. URL: http://www.pnreview.co.uk/cgi-bin/scribe?item_id=7909 (дата обращения: 01.09.2016).

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Murphet J. Multimedia Modernism: Literature and the Anglo-American Avant-Garde. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 220 p.

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Krasavchenko T. N. Angliyskaya literaturnaya kritika XX veka [English Literary Criticism of the 20th Century]. Moscow, RAN INION Publ., 1994. 282 p.

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Bru S. Lewis and the European Avant-Gardes. The Cambridge Companion to Wyndham Lewis. Ed. by T. Miller. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2016. P. 1–18.

Burstein J. Cold Modernism: Literature, Fashion, Art. University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2012. 321 p.

Campbell S. The Enemy Opposite: The Outlaw Criticism of Wyndham Lewis. Athens, Ohio University Press, 1988. 230 p.

Dasenbrock R. W. The Literary Vorticism of Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis: Towards the Condition of Painting. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985. 271 p.

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Edwards P. Legacy. Wyndham Lewis: A Critical Guide. Ed. by A. Gąsiorek, N. Waddell. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2015. P. 219–233.

Edwards P. Wyndham Lewis: Painter and Writer. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2000. 583 p.

Eliot T. S. A Note on «Monstre Gai». Hudson Review. 2005. Vol. 7. No. 4. P. 522–526.

Eliot T. S. The Complete Prose of T. S. Eliot: The Critical Edition: Apprentice Years, 1905–1918. Ed. by J. S. Brooker, R. Schuchard. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press and Faber & Faber Ltd, 2014. Available at: https://muse.jhu.edu/book/32733 (accessed 01.09.2016).

Farley D. G. Modernist Travel Writing: Intellectuals Abroad. Columbia, University of Missouri Press, 2010. 236 p.

Gąsiorek A. A History of Modernist Literature. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. 596 p.

Gąsiorek A. Wyndham Lewis and Modernism. Tavistock, Northcote House, 2004. 160 p.

Head P. The Transfiguration of “Russian” Lewis. The Journal of Wyndham Lewis Studies. 2012. No. 3. P. 93–122.

Head P. Vorticist Antecedents. Ware, The Wyndham Lewis Society, 1997. 19 p.

Huyssen A. After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1986. 244 p.

Jaillant L. Rewriting «Tarr» Ten Years Later: Wyndham Lewis, the Phoenix Library, and the Domestication of Modernism. The Journal of Wyndham Lewis Studies. 2014. No. 5. P. 1–30.

Jameson F. Fables of Aggression: Wyndham Lewis, the Modernist as Fascist. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1979. 190 p.

Kenner H. The Visual World of Wyndham Lewis. Wyndham Lewis: Paintings and Drawings. By W. Michel. London, Thames and Hudson, 1971. P. 9–40.

Kenner H. Wyndham Lewis. Norfolk, New Directions, 1954. 169 p.

Klein S. W. A Chronology of Wyndham Lewis. Tarr. By W. Lewis. New York, Oxford University Press, 2010. P. xxxvii–xl.

Klein S. W. The Fictions of James Joyce and Wyndham Lewis: Monsters of Nature and Design. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994. 260 p.

Kush T. Wyndham Lewis’s Pictorial Integer. Ann Arbor, UMI Research Press, 1981. 172 p.

Lewis W. Rude Assignment: An Intellectual Autobiography. Ed. by T. Foshay. Santa Barbara, Black Sparrow Press, 1984. 311 p.

Lewis W. Blasting and Bombardiering. L., Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1937.

Mao D., Walowitz R. L. The New Modernist Studies. PMLA. 2008. Vol. 123. No. 3. P. 737–748.

Meyers J. The Enemy: A Biography of Wyndham Lewis. L., Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980. 391 p.

Munton A. The Politics of Wyndham Lewis. PN Review. 1976. Vol. 4. No. 1. P. 34–39. Available at: http://www.pnreview.co.uk/cgi-bin/scribe?item_id=7909 (accessed 01.09.2016).

Munton A. Wyndham Lewis and the Meanings of Spain. Journal of English Studies. 2008. No. 5–6. P. 245–258.

Munton A. Wyndham Lewis Our Contemporary. Wyndham Lewis the Radical: Essays on Literature and Modernity. Ed. by C. C. Jaime. Bern, Peter Lang, 2007. P. 7–19.

Murphet J. Lewis and Media. The Cambridge Companion to Wyndham Lewis. Ed. by T. Miller. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2016. P. 148–159.

Murphet J. Multimedia Modernism: Literature and the Anglo-American Avant-Garde. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009. 220 p.

O’Keeffe P. Some Sort of Genius: A Life of Wyndham Lewis. London, Jonathan Cape, 2000. 697 p.

Paraskeva A. The Speech-Gesture Complex. Modernism, Theatre, Cinema. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2013. 256 p.

Parsons D. Remembrance/Reconstruction: Autobiography and the Men of 1914. London, Modernism, and 1914. Ed. by M. Walsh. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. P. 196–213.

Phillips I. Penmen and Brushmen: The Remediation of Word and Image in the Work of Wyndham Lewis and David Jones. Word and Image. 2008. Vol. 24. No. 1. P. 103–114.

Pound E. Literary Essays of Ezra Pound. Ed. by T. S. Eliot. Norfolk, New Directions, 1954. 464 p.

Rainey L. Institutions of Modernism: Literary Elites and Public Culture. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1998. 227 p.

Reynolds P. «Chaos Invading Concept»: Blast as a Native Theory of Promotional Culture. Twentieth Century Literature. 2000. Vol. 46. No. 2. P. 238–268.

Siraganian L. Modernism’s Other Work: The Art Object’s Political Life. New York, Oxford University Press, 2011. 259 p.

The Cambridge Companion to Wyndham Lewis. Ed. by T. Miller. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2016. 182 p.

Tiessen P. «A New Year One»: Film as Metaphor in the Writings of Wyndham Lewis. Words and Moving Images: Essays on Verbal and Visual Expression in Film and Television. Ed. by W. C. Wees, M. Dorland. Montreal, Mediatexte, 1984. P. 153–169.

Tuma K. Wyndham Lewis, Blast, and Popular Culture. ELH. 1987. Vol. 54, No. 1. P. 403–419.

Williams R. The Politics of Modernism: Against the New Conformists. London, Verso, 1989. 208 p.

Wollaeger M. Modernism, Media, and Propaganda: British Narrative from 1900 to 1945. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2006. 335 p.

Wyndham Lewis (1882–1957). Madrid, Fundación Juan March, 2010. 404 p.

Wyndham Lewis: A Critical Guide. Ed. by A. Gąsiorek, N. Waddell. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2015. 239 p.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17072/2037-6681-2016-4-132-141

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