Индекс демократии для регионов России: динамика 1990-х – 2010-х годов

Алексей Титков/ Alexey Titkov

Аннотация


Статья посвящена количественной оценке демократии в контексте политической динамики посткоммунистических стран на субнациональном (региональном) уровне. Цель статьи – предложить расчетный индекс, позволяющий оценить демократические и авторитарные тенденции посткоммунистическо-го перехода в России на региональном уровне, в частности, проверить гипотезу Н. Петрова о частичной демократизации авторитарных региональных режимов в первой половине 2000-х гг. Описана структура индекса, его теоретическое обоснование (концепции Р. Даля, Т. Ванханена, Г. Алмонда и С. Вербы, А. Хиршмана), методика расчета, основные результаты и выводы для периода 1990–2010-х гг. На примере Украины обсуждаются возможности и ограничения индекса для анализа других посткоммунистических стран


DOI: 10.17072/2218-1067-2016-2-83-106


Ключевые слова


индекс демократии; посткоммунистический переход; Россия; Украина; регионы; конкуренция; политическая культура

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