ПУБЛИЧНАЯ ПОЛИТИКА В ГИБРИДНЫХ РЕЖИМАХ: ОБЗОР ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ

Юрий Кабанов / Yuryi Kabanov

Аннотация


Настоящий обзор систематизирует современные, прежде всего, зарубежные работы, посвященные развитию публичной политики в гибридных и авторитарных режимах, а также взаимодействию граждан, гражданских организаций и власти в процессе принятия политико-управленческих решений. Научный интерес к данной тематике растет, что связано с развитием партиципаторных практик в недемократических странах, и в особенности, в Китае, который является сейчас наиболее популярным объектом анализа. Исследователи отмечают постепенную трансформацию китайской публичной политики, многообразие каналов участия, открытых для граждан, некоммерческих организаций и экспертного сообщества. Это позволяет адаптировать к анализу гибридных режимов уже имеющиеся «западные» теории публичной политики, а также разрабатывать новый концептуальный аппарат. Несмотря на заметный прирост теоретического и эмпирического знания, исследовательской повестке есть куда развиваться. Во-первых, важной проблемой остается выявление институциональных эффектов гражданского участия в публичной политике, соотношение его информационной, легитимационной и имитационной функций в недемократическом контексте. Во-вторых, сохраняет актуальность поиск факторов успешности подобных инициатив и их потенциала как источника стабильности режима и демократизации публичной политики. В обзоре делается попытка сформулировать данные проблемы и обозначить возможные эмпирические пути их решения. В частности, перспективным представляется дальнейшая проверка выработанных на материале Китая моделей и гипотез, как с экстраполяцией на другие кейсы, так и через кросс-национальные сравнительные исследования.

 

DOI: 10.17072/2218-1067-2020-2-142-150


Ключевые слова


публичная политика; гибридный режим; авторитаризм; гражданское участие; гражданское общество; Китай

Полный текст:

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